When a blood vessel bursts, fills with blood, and blocks an artery, a blood clot forms in the brain. When this occurs, the brain may get cut off and lose oxygen. The brain cells may be harmed as a result, and death may result.
Others may have more severe problems, such as seizures or death, while some people may just suffer a moderate bout of this occurrence. However, you can encounter several warning signals that you should be on the lookout for even before any of them take place. If you see any of these signs, you should seek treatment for a blood clot in the brain.
Blood clots are blood aggregates that occur often after injuries in order to prevent blood loss. What happens, though, if a blood clot forms inside your blood arteries and blocks the flow of blood? It can turn out to be really risky. To get a better advice you can consult with Best Neurology Hospital in Jaipur or Best Cardiology Hospital in Jaipur.
Methods of treating these blood clots in the brain.
Various Blood Clot Types
When a blood artery in the body is injured and filled with blood, thrombosis occurs and a blood clot forms. Trauma or any other medical issue might be to blame for this. These blood clots don’t move.
When a foreign item blocks an artery, embolism ensues. This can happen if a blood clot, clotting substance, or even tissue blocks the artery. Normally, these blood clots shift from their initial location to another area of the brain.
Signs of a Brain Blood Clot
Headaches that are severe and frequently occur – You can encounter a headache that does not go away with rest. Your brain will still experience pain and discomfort even if you are not moving around physically. Another sign of a blood clot might be sudden headaches, pressure in the head, and numbness across the face and body.
As your brain is starved of oxygen, it will suffer damage and influence how you talk, causing sudden problems like slurring. You could catch yourself speaking more slowly or perhaps slurring. Your speech difficulties may be a sign that you have a blood clot in your brain.
One of the first indications of a blood clot in the brain is blurry vision. Your brain will suffer when it is oxygenated insufficiently, and this might result in blurry vision. It’s possible that you’ll notice that the scene in front of you seems foggy or blurry.
Uncontrollable motor functions – As your brain continues to deteriorate, you might experience tremors or uncontrollable shaking. At first, they might not be severe, but as the obstruction worsens, they might become more severe.
Seizures: When a blood clot reaches a particular size, seizures may result. These seizures can be protracted and severe, although they are often brief.
Dizziness – You can feel lightheaded if your brain isn’t getting enough oxygen. You can experience dizziness or even fainting.
As the blood clot grows larger, it may result in paralysis. The location of the blood clot may affect which parts of the body experience acute paralysis.
What causes a blood clot to develop in the brain, and why?
Blood clots can be caused by a variety of circumstances, including.
One of the key factors contributing to blood clots in the brain is obesity. Because fat cells are more likely to clot, having a high body mass index (BMI) increases your chance of developing a blood clot in the brain.
Smoking – Smoking damages blood vessels and is a major contributor to blood clots. Smoking lowers nitrogen oxide (NO) levels in the blood. In the blood arteries, it can also result in thrombosis and embolism, which may raise blood pressure.
Birth control pills – Taking birth control pills might cause a brain blood clot. It may have an impact on how much oestrogen is released in the body, which may increase your risk of blood clots.
Brain injury – According to certain research, brain injury can result in a blood clot in the brain. Trauma to the head frequently results in brain haemorrhage, which can induce a blood clot.
Atherosclerosis, commonly known as plaque, is the hardening of arteries brought on by the accumulation of calcium and fat in the blood vessel wall. These plaques could be broken. Platelets may so gather to form clots at the site of injury.
Brain Blood Clot Diagnosed
Blood testing – The doctor will do a blood test to check for specific indications of a brain blood clot. In order to determine whether the brain is bleeding, it will check for protein in the circulation.
Ultrasound – An ultrasound scan can be used to measure the brain’s size and form. This might provide information about the location and potential origin of the blood clot.
Using a CT scan, blood clots in the brain can be found. They are more precise than other imaging methods and can offer more specific details about the type of blood clot.
MRAs (magnetic resonance angiography) can be used to examine blood arteries and spot any blockages or abnormalities. Additionally, it may be used to check the blood flow in the brain and find the place where the blood clot originated.
V/Q scans can be used to determine the blood’s oxygen content. It can determine the volume of venous and arterial blood flow as well as any blockages or clots in the blood vessels.
Treatment for brain blood clots
Medicines that prevent clotting
The in this treatment for blood clots in the brain thin the blood and stop it from clotting. It is administered to patients with a history of blood clots as well as those who have had a stroke brought on by a blood clot.
Warfarin and other antiplatelets and anticoagulants that stop the development of new clots may be prescribed by your doctor.
Thrombolytics are medications that quickly dissolve blood clots and are used in urgent situations like stroke. For instance, heparin
The surgical operation used to remove the blood clot from the brain is known as a mechanical thrombectomy. The blood clot can be removed from the main artery and out of the brain using a device with a mesh.
Brain surgery to remove blood clots
Surgery may be recommended by your doctor to remove the blood clots. There are typically two procedures used to remove blood clots from the brain:
A tiny hole is made in the skull during the burr hole drainage surgery to remove the blood clot from the brain and release pressure.
Craniotomy – Craniotomy includes removing a piece of the skull and reattaching it after draining the blood clot.
There are several signs of a blood clot in the brain. Anything from a mild inconvenience like slurred speech to a full-blown stroke might result in paralysis. Consult your doctor at a reputable hospital like Max right away if you are exhibiting these symptoms to receive correct blood clot in brain therapy.